SS Richard Montgomery Matter
Warning: Drug and Grapefruit Food Interactions
Grapefruit is a citrus fruit rich in the
following nutrients: Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin B5, Potassium Folate, and
The nutritional values of the grapefruit varies with the colour (white, pink, or red).
Grapefruit is an excellent source of Vitamin C which plays a role in the following:
Supporting the immune system.
Reduce severity of cold symptoms. reduce severity of inflammatory conditions. is beneficial to promoting cardiovascular health.
Pink and Red Grapefruit appears to have anti-tumour activity and have a higher amount of vitamin A.
Interactions Of Grapefruit With Medications.
Interaction It is a situation in which a
substance affects the activity of the used medication by one of the following
The effect is increased. The effect is decreased. It produces a new effect.
Grapefruit Interacts when we take a
medicine orally (by mouth), it has to get into our blood stream to do its
During this a significant portion of the medicine is metabolized (changed) to inactive ingredients by a certain enzyme
in either the intestine (first-pass metabolism) or the liver, decreasing the amount of medication reaching the Blood.
Grapefruit juice interferes with the enzyme system responsible for the metabolism of many medications.
Therefore, the amount of medication available in the body will increase, possibly causing toxic effects.
Grapefruit juice can inhibit intestinal enzyme concentration for 24 to 72 hours.
Separating the times of medication
administration and grapefruit consumption is not a reasonable solution.
It is important to note that because of genetic differences, the extent of interaction differs from one patient to another.
Grapefruit and Statins:
Statins are medications that lower
cholesterol levels by blocking the enzyme responsible for cholesterol synthesis
in the body.
Satins are the most widely prescribed cholesterol lowering medications, since they affect every aspect in the cholesterol panel in a favourable way. The components in grapefruit prevent the enzyme system in the body from breaking down the statin leading to its accumulation in the body.
Taking one tablet of lovastatin (Mevacor)
with a glass of grapefruit juice
is the same as taking 12 to 15 tablets
with a glass of water.
The problems associated with taking grapefruit with stains are:
This rare but potentially life-threatening Side effect, The most common symptoms are:
Severe muscle aching throughout the entire body, Muscle weakness, dark or cola-colored urine.
The higher the dose of statins, the higher the risk of Rhabdomyolysis.
So far, the only statins significantly affected by this interaction are:
Other statins do not seem to demonstrate the same, profound effect with grapefruit as seen with the other statins
These would include:
Pravastatin (Pravachol ®)
Fluvastatin (Lescol ®)
This may be due to the fact that these statins are not broken
down by the same enzymes.
Grapefruit And Antihistamines:
Antihistamines are medications used to
treat allergies. Interaction of grapefruit with antihistamines like terfenadine
or astemizole leads to fatal cardiac arrhythmias (Irregular heart beat).
There are other non-sedating antihistamines which do not
interact with grapefruit juice. (e.g., loratidine (Claritin ®)
cetirizine (Zyrtec ®).
Grapefruit and Calcium Channel Blockers:
Calcium Channel Blockers are medications
that prevent calcium from entering cells of the heart and blood vessel walls,
resulting in lowering blood pressure.
Grapefruit juice is likely to increase the levels of Calcium
Channel Blockers in the blood causing the following:
Low blood pressure, Increased heart rate, dizziness, flushing, headache.
Grapefruit interacts with a wide range of
medications such as:
Psychiatric Medications, immune suppressants, pain medications (Methadone), impotence drugs, intestinal medications (Cisapride).
Grapefruit juice inhibits the body's ability to absorb some drugs like:
Losartan (for lowering blood pressure)
Digoxin (for treating congestive heart failure)
It has been shown that both grapefruit sections and grapefruit extract has the same effect on medications as grapefruit juice.
There are citrus fruits which can cause the
same drug interaction as grapefruit such as:
Seville orange (found in marmalade and jams), pomelos, tangelos.
Pomelo is also called the "Chinese grapefruit", it's native to southeast Asia. It is, in fact, an ancestor of the grapefruit.
The grapefruit was formed from crossing between the pomelo and the orange to give us the modern grapefruit varieties we know today. The tangelo is a hybrid between the pomelo and the tangerine. The fruit is known in some countries as "sweetie”.
A number of medications are reported to have interactions with grapefruit. Before taking any medication with grapefruit you have to make sure that there is no interaction. There are several other fruit juices available as a substitute to grapefruit juice. Always ask your doctor if unsure about anything regarding prescribed medication or treatment. you may want to print this page to show your doctor or medical advisor, or refer them to it.
The pineapple is a member of the bromeliad
family. It is extremely rare that bromeliads produce edible fruit. The pineapple
is the only available edible bromeliad today.
It is a multiple fruit. One pineapple is actually made up of dozens of individual flowerets that grow together to form the entire fruit. Each scale on a pineapple is evidence of a separate flower.
Pineapples stop ripening the minute they are picked. No special way of storing them will help ripen them further.
Colour is relatively unimportant in determining ripeness. Choose your pineapple by smell. If it smells fresh, tropical and sweet, it will be a good fruit.The more scales on the pineapple, the sweeter and juicier the taste.
After you cut off the top, you can plant it. It should grow much like a sweet potato will.
This delicious fruit is not only sweet and tropical; it also offers many
benefits to our health. Pineapple is a remarkable fruit.
We find it enjoyable because of its lush, sweet and exotic flavour, but it may also be one of the most healthful foods available today.
If we take a more detailed look at it, we will find that pineapple is valuable for easing indigestion, arthritis or sinusitis.
The juice has an anathematic effect; it helps get rid of intestinal worms.
Let's look at how pineapple affects other conditions.
Pineapple is high in manganese, a mineral that is critical to development of strong bones and connective tissue. A cup of fresh pineapple will give you nearly 75% of the recommended daily amount. It is particularly helpful to older adults, whose bones tend to become brittle with age.
Bromelain, a Proteolytic enzyme, is the key to pineapple's value. Proteolytic means "breaks down protein", which is why pineapple is known to be a digestive aid. It helps the body digest proteins more efficiently. Bromelain is also considered an effective anti-inflammatory.
Regular ingestion of at least one half cup of fresh pineapple daily is purported to relieve painful joints common to osteoarthritis. It also produces mild pain relief.
In Germany, Bromelain is approved as a post-injury medication because it is thought to reduce inflammation and swelling.
Orange juice is a popular liquid for those suffering from a cold because it is high in Vitamin C. Fresh pineapple is not only high in this vitamin, but because of the Bromelain, it has the ability to reduce mucous in the throat. If you have a cold with a productive cough, add pineapple to your diet. It is commonly used in Europe as a post-operative measure to cut mucous after certain sinus and throat operations.
Those individuals who eat fresh pineapple daily report fewer sinus problems related to allergies. In and of itself, pineapple has a very low risk for allergies.
Pineapple is also known to discourage blood clot development. This makes it a valuable dietary addition for frequent fliers and others who may be at risk for blood clots.
An old folk remedy for morning sickness is fresh pineapple juice. Fresh juice and some nuts first thing in the morning often make a difference. It's also good for a healthier mouth as the fresh juice discourages plaque growth.
Uses for baking soda
1. Make Toothpaste
A paste made from baking soda and a 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution can be used as an alternative to commercial non-fluoride toothpastes. You can also just dip your toothbrush with toothpaste into baking soda for an extra boost.
2. Freshen Your Mouth
Put one teaspoon in half a glass of water, swish, spit and rinse. Odours are neutralized, not just covered up.
3. Soak Oral Appliance
Soak oral appliances, like retainers, mouthpieces and dentures, in a solution of 2 teaspoons baking soda dissolved in a glass or small bowl of warm water. The baking soda loosens food particles and neutralizes odours to keep appliances fresh. You can also brush appliances clean using baking soda.
4. Use as a Facial Scrub and Body Exfoliate
Give yourself an invigorating facial and body scrub. Make a paste of 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water. Rub in a gentle circular motion to exfoliate the skin. Rinse clean. This is gentle enough for daily use.
5. Skip Harsh Deodorant
Pat baking soda onto your underarms to neutralize body odour.
6. Use as an Antacid
Baking soda is a safe and effective antacid to relieve heartburn, sour stomach and/or acid indigestion. Refer to baking soda package for instructions.
7. Treat Insect Bites & Itchy Skin
For insect bites, make a paste out of baking soda and water, and apply as a salve onto affected skin. To ease the itch, shake some baking soda into your hand and rub it into damp skin after bath or shower.
8. Make a Hand Cleanser and Softener
Skip harsh soaps and gently scrub away ground-in dirt and neutralize odours on hands with a paste of 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water, or 3 parts baking soda to gentle liquid hand soap. Then rinse clean.
9. Help Your Hair
Vinegar is amazing for your hair, but baking soda has its place in the shower too. Sprinkle a small amount of baking soda into your palm along with your favourite shampoo. Shampoo as usual and rinse thoroughly baking soda helps remove the residue that styling products leave behind so your hair is cleaner and more manageable.
10. Clean Brushes and Combs
For lustrous hair with more shine, keep brushes and combs clean. Remove natural oil build-up and hair product residue by soaking combs and brushes in a solution of 1 teaspoon of baking soda in a small basin of warm water. Rinse and allow to dry.
11. Make a Bath Soak
Add 1/2 cup of baking soda to your bath to neutralize acids on the skin and help wash away oil and perspiration, it also makes your skin feel very soft.
12. Soothe Your Feet
Dissolve 3 tablespoons of baking soda in a tub of warm water and soak feet. Gently scrub. You can also make a spa soak for your feet.
13. Make a Surface Soft Scrub
For safe, effective cleaning of bathroom tubs, tile and sinks–even fibreglass and glossy tiles–sprinkle baking soda lightly on a clean damp sponge and scrub as usual. Rinse thoroughly and wipe dry. For extra cleaning power, make a paste with baking soda, course salt and liquid dish soap let it sit then scour off.
14. Hand wash Dishes and Pots & Pans
Add 2 heaping tablespoons baking soda (along with your regular dish detergent) to the dish water to help cut grease and foods left on dishes, pots and pans. For cooked-on foods, let them soak in the baking soda and detergent with water first, then use dry baking soda on a clean damp sponge or cloth as a scratch-less scouring powder.
15. Freshen Sponges
Soak stale-smelling sponges in a strong baking soda solution to get rid of the mess (4 tablespoons of baking soda dissolved in 1 quart of warm water). For more thorough disinfecting, use the microwave.
16. Clean the Microwave
Baking soda on a clean damp sponge cleans gently inside and outside the microwave and never leaves a harsh chemical smell. Rinse well with water.
17. Polish Silver Flatware
Use a baking soda paste made with 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water. Rub onto the silver with a clean cloth or sponge. Rinse thoroughly and dry for shining sterling and silver-plate serving pieces.
18. Clean Coffee and Tea Pots
Remove coffee and tea stains and eliminate bitter off-tastes by washing mugs and coffee makers in a solution of 1/4 cup baking soda in 1 quart of warm water. For stubborn stains, try soaking overnight in the baking soda solution and detergent or scrubbing with baking soda on a clean damp sponge.
19. Clean the Oven
Sprinkle baking soda onto the bottom of the oven. Spray with water to dampen the baking soda. Let sit overnight. In the morning, scrub, scoop the baking soda and grime out with a sponge, or vacuum, and rinse.
20. Clean Floors
Remove dirt and grime (without unwanted scratch marks) from no wax and tile floors using 1/2 cup baking soda in a bucket of warm water mop and rinse clean for a sparkling floor. For scuff marks, use baking soda on a clean damp sponge, then rinse.
21. Clean Furniture
You can make a homemade lemon furniture polish, or you can clean and remove marks (even crayon) from walls and painted furniture by applying baking soda to a damp sponge and rubbing lightly. Wipe off with a clean, dry cloth.
22. Clean Shower Curtains
Clean and deodorize your vinyl shower curtain by sprinkling baking soda directly on a clean damp sponge or brush. Scrub the shower curtain and rinse clean. Hang it up to dry.
23. Boost Your Liquid Laundry Detergent
Give your laundry a boost by adding 1/2 cup of baking soda to your laundry to make liquid detergent work harder. A better balance of pH in the wash gets clothes cleaner, fresher and brighter.
24. Gently Clean Baby Clothes
Baby skin requires the most gentle of cleansers, which are increasingly available, but odor and stain fighters are often harsh. For tough stains add 1/2 cup of baking soda to your liquid laundry detergent, or a 1/2 cup in the rinse cycle for deodorization.
25. Clean Cloth Diapers
Dissolve 1/2 cup of baking soda in 2 quarts of water and soak diapers thoroughly.
26. Clean and Freshen Sports Gear
Use a baking soda solution (4 tablespoons baking soda in 1 quart warm water) to clean and deodorize smelly sports equipment. Sprinkle baking soda into golf bags and gym bags to deodorize, clean golf irons with a baking soda paste (3 parts baking soda to 1 part water) and a brush. Rinse thoroughly.
27. Remove Oil and Grease Stains
Use baking soda to clean up light-duty oil and grease spills on your garage floor or in your driveway. Sprinkle baking soda on the spot and scrub with a wet brush.
28. Clean Batteries
Baking soda can be used to neutralize battery acid corrosion on cars, mowers, etc. because its a mild alkali. Be sure to disconnect the battery terminals before cleaning. Make a paste of 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water, apply with a damp cloth to scrub corrosion from the battery terminal. After cleaning and re-connecting the terminals, wipe them with petroleum jelly to prevent future corrosion.
29. Clean Cars
Use baking soda to clean your car lights, chrome, windows, tires, vinyl seats and floor mats without worrying about unwanted scratch marks. Use a baking soda solution of 1/4 cup baking soda in 1 quart of warm water. Apply with a sponge or soft cloth to remove road grime, tree sap, bugs and tar. For stubborn stains, use baking soda sprinkled on a damp sponge or soft brush.
30. Deodorize Your Refrigerator
Place an open box in the back of the fridge to neutralize odours.
31. Deodorize the Cutting Board
Sprinkle the cutting board with baking soda, scrub, rinse.
32. Deodorize Trashcans
Sprinkle baking soda on the bottom of your trashcan to keep stinky trash smells at bay.
33. Deodorize Recyclables
Sprinkle baking soda on top as you add to the container. Also, clean your recyclable container periodically by sprinkling baking soda on a damp sponge. Wipe clean and rinse.
34. Deodorize Drains
To deodorize your sink and tub drains, and keep lingering odours from resurfacing, pour 1/2 cup of baking soda down the drain while running warm tap water it will neutralize both acid and basic odours for a fresh drain.
35. Deodorize and Clean Dishwashers
Use baking soda to deodorize before you run the dishwasher and then as a gentle cleanser in the wash cycle.
36. Deodorize Garbage Disposals
To deodorize your disposal, and keep lingering odours from resurfacing, pour baking soda down the drain while running warm tap water. Baking soda will neutralize both acid and basic odours for a fresh drain.
37. Deodorize Lunch Boxes
Between uses, place a spill-proof box of baking soda in everyone’s lunch box to absorb lingering odors.
38. Remove Odour From Carpets
Liberally sprinkle baking soda on the carpet. Let set overnight, or as long as possible (the longer it sets the better it works). Sweep up the larger amounts of baking soda, and vacuum up the rest.
39. Remove Odour From Vacuum Cleaners
By using the method above for carpets, you will also deodorize your vacuum cleaner.
40. Freshen Closets
Place a box of baking soda on the shelf to keep the closet smelling fresh.
41. Deodorizing Cars
Odours settle into car upholstery and carpet, so each time you step in and sit down, they are released into the air all over again. Eliminate these odours by sprinkling baking soda directly on fabric car seats and carpets. Wait 15 minutes (or longer for strong odours) and vacuum up the baking soda.
42. Deodorize the Cat Box
Cover the bottom of the pan with baking soda, then fill as usual with litter. To freshen between changes, sprinkle baking soda on top of the litter after a thorough cleaning.
43. Deodorize Pet Bedding
Eliminate odours from your pets bedding by sprinkling liberally with baking soda, wait 15 minutes (or longer for stronger odors), then vacuum up.
44. Deodorize Sneakers
Keep odours from spreading in smelly sneakers by shaking baking soda into them when not in use. Shake out before wearing.
45. Freshen Linens
Add 1/2 cup of baking soda to the rinse cycle for fresher sheets and towels.
46. Deodorize Your Wash
Gym clothes of other odoriferous clothing can be neutralized with a 1/2 cup of baking soda in the rinse cycle.
47. Freshen Stuffed Animals
Keep favourite cuddly toys fresh with a dry shower of baking soda. Sprinkle baking soda on and let it sit for 15 minutes before brushing off.
48. Extinguish Fires
Baking soda can help in the initial handling of minor grease or electrical kitchen fires, because when baking soda is heated, it gives off carbon dioxide, which helps to smother the flames. For small cooking fires (frying pans, broilers, ovens, grills), turn off the gas or electricity if you can safely do so. Stand back and throw handfuls of baking soda at the base of the flame to help put out the fire. You should have a fire extinguisher on hand anyway.
49. Septic Care
Regular use of baking soda in your drains can help keep your septic system flowing freely. One cup of baking soda per week will help maintain a favourable pH in your septic tank.
50. Fruit and Vegetable Scrub
Baking soda is the food safe way to clean dirt and residue off fresh fruit and vegetables. Just sprinkle a little on a clean damp sponge, scrub and rinse.
True facts about bananas (click to view)
Compare your tinned food and save money!
I noted something interesting at ASDA which will apply to other stores as well. 213gm Tins of RED salmon regardless of brand ASDA own brand, princess, john west. Although own brand labelled and priced differently ALL have the same factory numbering codes printed on the top of the can proving that they all have exactly the same content from the same Alaska canning plant. So buying the stores own brand will save a considerable sum of money without loss of quality! I wonder how many other goods in superstores are labelled in this way. I have checked Tesco own label same tins there appears to be couple of grams weight difference between identical sealed tins I checked, but Tesco one was slightly heavier although marked 212gm.. Sainsbury own brand tin not same so cant be compared. A friend who has worked work at Sainsbury’s for a long time told me this is common with a lot of products, so check items factory markings of all tinned food you buy at big grocery store chains against own brands you could save a fortune without loosing quality! One other related point for savers these tins have a life of 3 years +( check date when buying), If you can buy now at a good price ( 50p or more off or even not) what do you think it will cost to buy the SAME product in 2 years time? better investment than putting money in a long term savings account I would give a conservative estimate of at least 30 to 50% bit better than bank interest tax free AND you can eat the stuff if there are strikes or shortages! just store in dry place, unlike money under the bed (grin) it wont burn in event of fire (just cook..) And things would have to get very bad, and difficult for people to break in and steal it!....
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